This little canary in recent years has taken off in the UK and is in the process of being recognized at the world show. It is amazing that the Irish Fancy canary in its short existence has come a long way and long may it last.
The Irish Fancy canary originally started out as the Roller canary around 1974 and for many years they were known as Irish Rollers. They are now known as the Irish Fancy canary as over many years of selective breeding they have developed to the modern day Irish Fancy. In those early years the Irish fancy was show as a "type" canary along the east coast of Ireland, particularly in the town of Wexford. As the breed progressed its popularity spread all over Ireland
One of the most popular of all the canaries, the Color Bred Canary is kept by people throughout the world. It is a wonderful little bird for both those who wish to keep a pet canary as well as those who specialize in showing. It is not only beautiful, but active and entertaining. This delightful little bird is quite hardy and very easy to keep. However they are not easy to breed, so will need a more advanced keeper for this purpose.
The Color Bred Canary is classed as a "color canary", bred for color rather than physical characteristics or song. They are a relatively newer canary variety, as their primary developed started in the early and mid-1900's. Today there are several hundred versions of these birds.
The Belgian Fancy Canary was a most important breed in the historic development of some of the most popular canary varieties available today. Its primary influence was on the development of "frilled" and "position" type breeds. As a "type canary" it is bred for physical appearance rather than color or song. They are categorized as "birds of position" and the body and hump posture form an inverted half moon. Similar birds of position, also bred for this type, include the Scotch Fancy Canary and the Italian Gibber Italicus.
A good Belgian Fancy Canary requires a considerable amount of training to show well. This long thin bird is trained to stand in a hunched over perched position. A bird for a more advanced enthusiast, it is timid and tends to be nervous and high strung. It is also a little harder to breed than most colorbred birds and it is not the best feeder of its young.
The Border Fancy Canary is the most popular bird in shows today. As a "type canary", it is bred for physical appearance rather than for song. Once nicknamed the "Wee Gem", this pretty little bird is small, compact, and hardy. It has a round body with very glossy plumage. Though most often seen in yellow, it is also found in a variety of other colors.
A wonderful cage bird, the Border Fancy Canary is very lively. It has a pleasant character and sings a variety of robust songs. Sometimes it is confused with the Gloster Fancy Canary but can be distinguished by it's more intense "chopper" type song than that of the Gloster.
Despite its small size, the Fife Fancy Canary is very lively and a great choice for the beginner. This delightful little bird is quite hardy and very easy to keep.They are not prone to disease, come in all the canary colors, and the male has a wonderful pleasant song. They are also ready breeders and most often good at rearing their young.
The Fife Fancy Canary is a "type canary", bred for physical characteristics rather than color or song. They are a newer canary variety, developed in the 1950's by Scottish breeders in and around the area of Fife. It is a smaller version of the Border Canary. With the emphasis on developing the Border into a larger bird, dedicated Scots devoted their efforts to bringing back the original standard of the Border. Thus the Fife Fancy Canary came into being, capturing the hearts of people around the world.
The Gloster Fancy Canary is a perfect choice for the beginner as it is lively, very hardy and will readily breed. As with most canaries it is basically a cage bird, but quite enjoyable to observe. They have a pleasant song, though folks who prefer a song canary may find it a bit louder and more choppy than they prefer.
As a "type canary", the Gloster Canary is bred for physical appearance rather than color or song. These attractive little birds have a roundish compact body and are quite lively and bold.
The Gloster Canary actually has two versions, the crested bird (shown above) is known as the 'Corona' while the plain headed bird is known as the 'Consort'. Though the crested version is favored at shows, both types are of equal importance in the propagation of this breed. Other than the feathers on the head, the basic body types are the same for both versions of this bird.
Even though this pretty little bird is one of the oldest varieties it has had a rather rocky history. They almost became extinct in the early 1900's. With two world wars and disease epidemics, the Lizard Canary was reduced to only a couple dozen breeding pairs by the mid 1940's. With the help of the Lizard Canary Association of Great Britain and a closely monitored "come-back" breeding program, today this canary thrives and is one of most popular Type canaries available.
A "type canary", is bred for physical trait or shape rather than color or song. The Lizard Canary is bred for the spangled effect of its feathers, a result of a gene that restricts the tendency of melanin in the plumage. This spangling effect diminishes with each annual molt however, so a Lizard is best shown in its first year.
Referred to as the "John Bull" canary, the Norwich Canary has a rather robust or bullish appearance. It is a thickset bird with a full head and heavy brows. Being neither as agile nor as lively as some of the smaller breeds, they tend to have a rather laid back personality. They make quite amicable pet birds.
The handsome Norwich Canary is a "type canary", bred for physical appearance rather than color or song. Though prized for their color in the late 1800's, this is no longer considered an important attribute and they can now be found in several colors. Males also tend to have a pleasing robust song even though this is not what they were bred for.
Named after its beautiful plumage, the Red Factor Canary is one of the most popular canaries. It is active and lively, enjoyed by both those who wish to keep a pet canary as well as those who specialize in showing. A delightful entertaining little bird, it is hardy and very easy to keep. However they are not easy to breed, so will need a more advanced keeper for this purpose.
The Red Factor Canary is classed as a "color canary", bred for color rather than physical characteristics or song. First bred in the 1930's, they are the only Color Bred Canary that has a red factor as part of their genetic structure. They were developed as a cross between another type of finch, the now endangered Venezuelan Black Hooded Red Siskin Spinus cocullatus, and the Yellow Canary Serinus canaria,
The Parisian Frilled Canary, also known as the Parisian Canary, is one of the largest of all known canary varieties. It is a voluptuous and beautiful bird. Except for the flight and tail feathers all the feathers on this bird are frilled, including a 'helmet' on its head, a 'cap' on the forehead, a sideburn effect on its cheeks, and a feathered collar. A most unusual feature of this canary, one that would be a 'fault' in other canary breeds, are toes that can be twisted like corkscrews.
A well built bird, the Parisian Frilled Canary is quite hardy, vigorous, and prolific. Though a "type canary" bred for physical appearance rather than color or song, it is also a good singer similar to the common canary. Frilled canaries do tend to be a little more high strung and nervous than other canary breeds.
The Northern Dutch canary is a medium sized variety, just slightly smaller than the Border Canary. Though similar in appearance to the Parisian Frilled breed with the long swooping feather patterns, the frilled feathers on the Northern Dutch Canary are less dense, have smaller curls, and are more of a band just around the middle of the bird rather than all over.
The Northern Dutch Canary is a "type canary", bred for physical appearance rather than color or song. It is very pretty, nicely proportioned, hardy and vigorous. Frilled canaries do however, tend to be a little more high strung and nervous than other canary breeds.
There are many different varieties of Frilled canaries including: French Frill, Fiorina Frill, Colored (Milanese) Frill, Gibber Italicus, Giboso Espanol, Japanese Frill, Parisian Frill, Southern Dutch Frill, Munich Frill, Scotch Fancy Frill, Swiss Frill, Roebekian Frill, Hunchback Frill, Brazilian Frill, and even crested varieties such as the Padovan Frill and the Florin Frill.
Today's Crested Canary has had quite a volatile history due to both a fluctuation in its popularity and to the development of other crested varieties. The Crested was perhaps the most popular canary in the late 1800's and was described as the "King of the Fancy". As a consequence of its popularity it became one of the most expensive, eventually being kept only by the very wealthy.
Being out priced from the common class its popularity began to steadily and continually drop. About this same time a variety of other canaries were also being developed that carried a crest. Today the number of Crested Canaries, though the dedication of the Crested Canary Club and the Older Varieties Canary Association, is again on the increase.The Crested Canary is a "type canary", bred for physical characteristics rather than color or song. It is one of several canary varieties that has a tuft of feathers around the top of its head. Others include the popular Gloster Canary, the crested Stafford Canary, the crested Norwich Canary, and the crested Lancashire Canary.
The Spanish Timbrado Canary is the newest breed of song canary, developed in Spain in the 1940's and 1950's. It is also considered to be the purest domestic form of canary. Being closest genetically to the original wild canary as it was developed by crossing the wild canary with the song bird of Spain. This combination resulted in a bird with a very unique song. The name, like its song, suggests the chattering of Spanish castanets, Although loud, their songs are not grating or harsh. They consist of many quick successions and combinations of notes. A good Spanish Timbrado has a bright cheery song and is very pleasant to listen.
This bird can make a wonderful companion to be enjoyed for its song as well as its beautiful appearance. They are developed with all sorts of colors along with a variety of clear, metallic tones to their songs. They are steadily growing in popularity.
The Spanish Timbrado is classed as one of several well known "song canaries", bred for song rather than physical appearance or color. Shows for these birds are of a different nature than shows for other canary types. Basically being entered into singing contests these canaries are bred with the goal of achieving winners with the best balance between quality and variety of song. Each breed has a distinctive song and a well-defined song standard. Some of the other well know song canaries include: the Roller Canary, the American Singer Canary, the Russian Singer Canary, and the Waterslager Canary.
The Stafford Canary, the first new canary variety since the Fife Canary which was developed in the 1950's, is a real dandy!
The Stafford Canary has a rather unique development, the standard for this bird was created before the final canary breed was actually developed. In the 1970's an inspired group of breeders, aware of a red/rose canary variety that existed in Europe called the 'Deutche Koife', wanted to create a red/rose crested variety. Thus they decided on the standards and proceeded to develop the canary type.
The Stafford Canary is a "type canary", bred for physical characteristics rather than color or song. They are a newer canary variety, originating as a cross between the Gloster and Red Factor types. They can be either a crested or non-crested version and they have red and rose ground colors. Being quite beautiful, they have created quite a stir among fanciers.
Crested birds are bred to non-crested.
NON CRESTED MOSAIC
With its proud diplomatic stance, the Yorkshire Canary has invoked such names as "The Guardsman", and the "Gentleman of the Fancy" during its long history. Though It is not quite the same bird today as it was in the the mid 1800's, then being described as "so slim it could pass through a wedding ring", it is a tall slender alert bird with a proud bearing.
The Yorkshire Canary is a favorite of fanciers throughout the world. Because of Its length, being well over 6 inches, it will need to be housed in a larger cage than that of the smaller canary breeds, It will also need a larger nest and be a bit more demanding in its diet.
American Singer canaries are a type of song canary developed in the United States which has been bred for willingness to sing freely, melodious and varied song, and outgoing personality. First developed in the 1930's by a group of women in the Boston, Massachusetts area, American Singer canaries have become one of the most popular breeds of canaries in the United States. A cross between the Border type canary and the Roller song canary, the American Singer possesses the best traits of both breeds- the musical song of the Roller and the pleasing looks of the Border. Its song is louder in volume than the Roller, but softer than the Border. Over the past 70 years, dedicated American Singer canary breeders have made great strides in the development of the breed. The resulting improvements in song have produced the Singers of today, which are noteworthy for high quality song. The sometimes loud and brash American Singers of yesteryear have been replaced with songsters who display the remarkable variety and melodiousness for which the American Singer canary is prized.